Thesis Structure

All copies of the thesis should include the following, according to the guidelines below:

  • Title page
    • Title should not exceed 100 characters including spaces between words.
  • Abstract page:
  • Acknowledgements:
    • Acknowledgments can range from personal and faculty acknowledgements, to grant support and departmental support, among others.
  • Table of Contents:
    • The Table of Contents must be complete with page numbers for each section.
  • Introduction:
    • A thorough, complete, detailed and relevant review of the literature is required
  • Statement of Purpose:
    • including specific hypothesis if appropriate, and specific aims of the thesis.
  • Methods:
    • Please Note: Give details of all methods used. Describe in detail exactly which procedures, methods and experiments were conducted by you and which procedures, methods and experiments, generation of data, or production of reagents, were performed by others. It is not sufficient to state that this information may be mentioned elsewhere. It must be summarized here.
    • It is recognized that students may often be completing a portion of a larger work. A statement detailing precisely what was done by the student and what was done by others does not detract from the thesis but is necessary for academic honesty.
    • If pictures are used you must obtain written permission from patients, parents or guardians and this should be added to the methods section. You could also consider masking faces or eyes.
  • Results:
    • All primary data related to the thesis topic should be presented with the important data given in figures or tables. If preferred, figures and tables should be included in this section and should be explained in detail in the text. Tables and figures can be presented separately after the discussion but, if possible, it is advantageous to the reader to include tables in the body of the results section (as in a manuscript). All data should include the number of observations, and mean values  S.E.M. or  S.D.
  • Discussion:
    • Thorough and detailed interpretation and analysis of data and reference to and analysis of other literature.
  • References:
    • We strongly recommend the use of Endnote for formulating the references.
    • Indicate references in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses (do not use subscript).
    • In the Reference section, list references numbered in the order in which they appear in the text in the format shown below (note that the initials of the authors always follow the surnames, and that there should be no space between more than one initial).
    • Include all authors’ names up to 5 authors (use et al. after the 5th author) and complete article titles. Indicate articles that are in press following the journal name.
    • Abbreviate the names of journals according to Pub Med or BIOSIS Database.
    • Spell out names of unlisted journals.
    • Supply inclusive page numbers.
    • Submitted manuscripts, manuscripts in preparation, unpublished observations, personal communications, and preliminary report citations must appear parenthetically in the text. They should not appear in the Reference section.
  • Figure References and Legends:
    • Figures must be cited sequentially in the text using Arabic numerals (for example, “Fig. 7”).
    • Provide a short title (in the legend, not on the figure itself) and explanation in sufficient detail to make the figure intelligible without reference to the text (unless a similar explanation has been given in another figure).
    • Provide a key to any symbols used.
  • Tables:
    • All tables should be double-spaced on manuscript pages.
    • Tables should be self-contained and self-explanatory.
    • Provide brief titles and use superscript capital letters starting from A and continuing in alphabetical order for footnotes.

NOTE: For the Hard Bound Copy, the full thesis title, the student’s full name, "Yale University", and the year of degree should be imprinted on the cover. An abbreviated title, students name and year should be imprinted on the spine.